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英语口语句型大全

英语口语句型大全
将来某时刻正在进行的行为

过去某时刻完成的行为
He had been away when I arrived.
By yesterday/by last night/by the end of last week/by 1997/by then/by that time/by 10 yesterday morning
Up till last night/before daybreak/before dark/be fore I saw you last/when I got there

情态
能(can, could)
He can speak French
Could you tell me how to get to the hospital?
Swim/skate/ski/dance/ride a tricycle/smoke a cigarette/sing a pop(classic),
song/operate a machine/Cook rice/ride a bike/drive a car/drink spirits/climb a tree/operate a computer

可以(may, might)
May I come in?
Might I know your name?

必须(must)
You must tell us the reason.
Must I be there at six?

必须,应该(must , to be to (主 观), have to, (客观) , should, ought to(道理)
I must go there immediately.
I am to go there immediately.
I have to go there everyday.
We should help each other in our work.
You oughtn’t to write so carelessly.

需要,敢(need, dare)
Need he come here soon?
Dare he go?

判断
无把握的判断
He may be a doctor.
He might be a doctor.
He could be a doctor.

有把握的判断
He must be late.
He can’t be late.

对过去发生事的判断
It can’t have been a car.
It must have been the wind.

感叹
对形容词表示感叹的感叹句
How+形容词+主语+ 连系动词
How beautiful the park is!

对副词表示感叹的感叹句
How+副词+主语+谓语
How fluently he speaks English !

对名词表示感叹的感叹句
What+形容词+名词+主语+谓语
What a beautiful picture it is!

对谓语动词表示感叹的感叹句
How+主语+谓语+……
How I want to see you again!

Oh/Oh dear/Dear me/Goodness/Gracious/Goodness gracious/God/Goodness me/Gracious me/
Gracious goodness/Goodness knows/Oh lord/Oh bother/Fancy/Nonsense/Damn you/Damn it all
How nice/how strange/What a pity/Bless me/Bless my soul/what/
被动行为
现在的被动行为
What’s that called in English?
The box is made of wood.

过去的被动行为
This book was written by him.
I was told to prepare a document.

正在被做的行为
A bridge is being built near the school.
The problem is being discussed at the meeting.

将来被做的行为
The work will be finished tomorrow.
They will be invited to the party.

已完成的被动行为
The discussion meeting has been called off.
His bicycle has been stolen.

带有情态的被动行为
It can be done this way.
You may be fined for delaying payment.

用成语动词表示的被动行为
Education shall be paid great attention to.
Look after/depend on/put on/hand in/take care of/pay attention to/make use of/

自身
自己
You can see yourself in the mirrow.
独自
He prefers to work by himself.
亲自、自己儿、本身
You yourself may go and ask the teacher.
The book itself is interesting.
本人
You may go and ask the director himself.

同是
也是,也不是so/neither
They come from England,so is she.
They can't speak French,neither(nor) can I.

也是,也不是and so/neither
They aren't cooks ,and neither are we.
He went to abroad last month,and so did Mary.

余外
别的something/somebody/somewhere else
I have something else duty to give you.
I'll give the gift to somebody else.
We're going to somewhere else for business.

任何别的anything/anybody/anywhere else
Have you anything else to do?
Is anybody else going?
Are you going to go anywhere else?

再没有别的nothing/nobody/nowhere else
I want nothing else.
Nobody else will come.
We went nowhere else.

别的什么what/who/where else
What else can I do for you?
Who else is going?
Where else did you go?

说明

说明活动工作内容:动词不定式做表语
Her job is to take care of the children.
My plan is to finish the work in two weeks.
说明工作内容:动名词做表语
Our duty is serving for the poeple.
What is important is being confident.

说明由某人做某事:for someone to do something)
This is for you to do.
This is for them to work out.

表明一个问题:how to ? when to?
What we want to know is when to start our work?
The question is how to go there?

评估:of 短语做表语
Reading without understanding is of no use.
This plan is of little practical value.

评估:prove+表语
The statement proved incorrect.
The plan proved a failure.


感觉
触觉和感觉feel 和 feel like
He feels well.
Do you feel hungry?
It feels like nylon.
cold,well,hungry,thirsty,feverish,hard,soft,rough,smooth,fine,coarse,wet,dry,slippery

味道taste
Sugar tastes sweet.
Ginger tastes hot.
Sugar\sugar cane\sweet,beer\bitter,ginger\chilli\hot,salt\salty,vinegar\sour,nice\delicious\,
of onions\of lemon\of milk

气味smell
It smells nice.
That flower smells sweet.
good,nice,sweet, tart,foul,burning

听感sound
The story sounds interesting.
The music sounds sweet.
nice/sweet/clear/soft/harsh/cracked,interesting/funny/all right/silly/satisfactory/reasonable

说明某些心理效果:现在分词做表语
The lecture is convincing.
convincing/satisfying/confusing/frightening/musing/inspiring/moving/exciting

说明某些心理状态:过去公词做表语
We are satisfied with your answer.
interested in/frightened of/worried about/frightened at/surprised at/satisfied with/bored with/excited about/
pleased with/used to/tired of/accustomed to/


外表印象:
外表look ,look like
He looks worried.
happy,worried,angry,disapointed,tired,strong,younger
He looks like her sister.

外表印象appear
He appears energetic
energetic/quite well/modest/tired/nearsighted/quite outgoing/intelligent/to be ill/

外表印象seem
She seems a little homesick.
She seems to have a big family

外表印象It seems/appears that
It seems that he had worked hard.
It appears that he is older than she really is.

外表印象It looks/seems as if
It looks as if it were going to rain.
It seems as if there will be an exam soon.

变成become,grow,get,fall,turn,go
He grew old.
It's getting colder and colder.
He became used to getting up early.

比较:相同或相似
像to be like
This case isn't like mine.

相同to be the same as
Four times three is the same as three times four.

不同to be different from
A lion is different from a tiger.

Just,almost,exactly,quite,somewhat,about,more or less
A is just like B.
This picture is almost the same as that one.

一样to be the same + 名词 + as
The phone is the same type as that one.

sugar/salt/wood/vinega/butter/cloth/food/paste/oil/glue/soap/toothpaste/cheese/
money/paper/bear/steel/coal/iron/grain/pepper/bread/wine/cotton/milk/ink/coffee/gold/tea/gasoline/

一样to be as + 形容词 +as
He is not so busy as you are.
That watch is as expensive as this.

cheap/expensive/dear/
clean/dirty/sick/tidy/untidy
clever/intelligent/silly/stupid
fast/slow/quick
fat/thin/
thin/thick
good/bad/
happy/unhappy
heavy/light
high/low/tall/short/loud/long
lazy/diligent
near/far/
new/old/young/fresh
rich/poor
safe/dangerous
big/small
soft/hard/smooth
straight/bent
strong/weak
warm/hot/cold/
wide/broad/narrow/
sharp/blunt/tight/steep
careful/careless
clear/dark
deep/shallow
easy/difficult
dry/wet
fine/rough
greedy/keen
handsome/beautiful/ugly
sweet/bitter/hot/sour

一样多 to have as many/much as
I have as many books as she.
I haven't as much money as she.

一样多 There are as many ...as
There are as many personnels in our company as in his company.
There isn't so much money in his reticule as in your pocket.

一样to do as + 副词 + as
Mike speaks E as fluently as Tom.

比较:较大或较小
较大 to be more than
My case is larger than yours.
A car is more comfortalbe than a motorcycle.

少于,次于less than,fewer than
Three is less than five.
This programme is less interesting than the previous one.

大得(许)多much(a lot) more than
A mouse is much and much smaller than an elephant.
Their swimming pool is somewhat deeper than ours.
much/far/by far/a lot/lots/lots and lots/a great deal/a little/slightly/a little bit/somewhat/still/even

大(小)若干to be+数字+more than
My bother is two years than me.
That mountain is 400 metres shorter than the other.

大若干倍to be + 倍数 + more than
The population of this city is twices larger than that of that city.
This lake is three times as big as that.
This load is three times the weight of that load.

做得较好 to do better than
Tom works more carefully than John.
She sings pop songs a little worse than her sister.

拥有较多(少)to have more (fewer,less) than
A cat has fewer legs than an insect.

有较多(少)there Be more (fewer,less) than
There's less coffee in this pot than that in the other one.

是A还是B
Who is fatter,Tom or George?

大多少how many,how much
How much time does your watch go faster than mine in a day?


比较:最
其中最 to be the most
George is the oldest of the three.
He is the most intelligent in the class.

哪个最?
Which river is the longest in China?

经历过的“最”
This is the most interesting book I have ever read.

最。。。。之一
This is one of the busiest street in the city.

做得最好
I like to play badminton best of us.
He plays badminton best of us.

修饰介词短语做修饰语
The man on Mr. Smith’s right is Mr. Green.
The man next to Mr. Smith is Mr. Allen.
The chair near the door is old.
The student at the door is intelligent.
On/in/above/down/near/like/along/with
In front of/because of/in spite of/according to/by means of
With-phrase 做修饰语
The boy with a newspaper is John.
Who’s the man with a ladder on his shoulder.

副词做修饰语
People here are all very kind to me.
The young man downstairs is a lawyer.
The buildings around are mostly of modern construction.
The then director of the factory was an old friend of mine.
Here/there/upstairs/downstairs/downtown/yesterday/around/home/abroad/off/above/below/then/everywhere

动词不定式做修饰语
It’s time to go to class.
I have a meeting to attend.

定语从句:who…,whom
The man who want to see you is downstairs.
Those who can answer the question may raise their hands.
The man whom you saw yesterday is Mr. John.

关系词为主语的定语从句:which…
They live in the building which is opposite yours.
He is waiting for a bus which goes to the zoo.

关系词为宾语的定语从句:which…
This is a bridge which they built.
Is this book which you want ?

定语从句whose…
Is she the woman whose bag was stolen?
The book whose pages are torn is mine.

定语从句:介词+whom/which…
I know the man with whom you talked at the meeting.
The book for which you asked is missing.

定语从句:where…
This is the village where he was born.
He is going to the river where he can swim.

定语从句:when…
It was the year when he was born.
Do you still remember those day when we studied together?
现在分词做修饰
This is a pressing problem.
Ours is a developing country.

过去分词做修饰
I like iced soda water.
It’s a very complicated problem.

动名词做修饰
We need a lot of building materials
Our packing method should be improved.

后置分词做修饰
There isn’t much time left.
Where can we get the machines needed?


转述和嵌套语句
转述
转述陈述句
He said: “I’ll come here again tomorrow.”
He said that he would go there again the next day.

转述一般疑问句
He asked: “Are you a driver?”
He asked me whether (if) I was a driver.

转述特殊疑问句
He asked : “What’s your telephone number?”
He asked me what my telephone number was.

转述祈使句
He said : “Drive slowly.”
He told me to drive slowly.

嵌套语句
嵌套语句作为行动对象:宾语从句
She reminded me that I had a meeting to attend that evening.
He admitted that this was his fault.
That/wether/if/what/who/which/when/where/how/

Be sure (certain, etc) + 宾语从句
I am sure she’ll come.
I’m glad you’ve come and help us.
Sure/certain/aware/doubtful/glad/afraid/sorry

介词+宾语从句
We are thinking of what we should do next.

嵌套语句作为话语主体—主语从句
That light goes faster than the sound is known to all.
That final victory belongs to the people is certain.

主语从句
Whether it will do us harm or good is hard to say.
Why he did it remains a puzzle.
It’s not yet known whether there is a show tonight.

嵌套语句作为说明语:表语从句
My impression is that they are satisfied with your explanation.


统指所。。。。。。的:what 从句用作表语
This is what he did.
That’s what I know.

所。。。。。。的:what 从句用作宾语
I’ll remember what you told me.

所。。。。。。的:what 从句用作主语
What he said is very important.

Whoever, whatever, etc
Whoever comes will be welcome.
Whatever was said here must be kept secret.

话语的䃼足
名称䃼足:名词做宾语补语
We call this a gas cooker.
They named him Robert.
They elected him chairman of the committee.
They appointed him monitor of the class.
They made Lin Fang their leader.
They nominated him vice-director of the institute.
They designated Mr. Yang as director of the laboratory.
We consider it a conspiracy.
Call/name/elect/appoint/make/choose/nominate/designate/consider/feel/find/think/

名称䃼足:名词做主语补语
He was elected chairman of the board.
主语+谓语(被动语态)+补语(句词)

状态补足:形容词做宾语补语
They painted their house white.
You may keep the window open.
Paint/push/keep/find/want/make/wash/wipe/mop/heat/crack/cut/break/beat/like/prefer

状态补足:形容词做
主语+谓语(被动语态)+补语(句词)
The movie is found interesting.

As+宾语补语
We regard him as a fool.
They considered the contract as cancelled.

As+主语补语
He was nominated as police chief.

行为补语
带TO的不定式做宾语补语
She told him to driver carefully.
Tell/ask/want/remind/advise/invite/order/compel/force/bet/beg/help/like
Wish/prefer/persuade/permit/request
不带TO的不定式做宾语补语
I often hear her sing this song.
They saw him jump to the water.
Hear/feel/see/watch/notice/observe/let/make/have/

不定式做主语补语
He was seen to enter the room.

现在分词做宾语补语
We saw the train coming towards the station.
He kept the machine running for ten hours.

过去分词做宾语补语
We found the window broken.
When I came back , I found them gone to school.

Get something done
We must get everything done this week.

Have something done
I’ll have my paper typed this afternoon.

两个动作对象—双宾语1)
S+V+IO+DO
He gave her a book.
John sent Mary a parcel.
Gave/write/read/show/teach/sell/tell/send/lend/bring/take/pass/offer/leave/hand/return
Pay/throw/allow/promise/award/accord/grant/owe/refuse/deny

2)
S+V+DO to IO
John sent a parcel to Mary.

3)
S+V+DO for IO
Her father bought a new TV set for her.
He’s going to find a chair for her.
Make/buy/do/fetch/get/find/play/save/spare/reserve/order/cook/sing

4)
Only “S+V+DO to IO”
He described the robbery in detail to us.
Describle/prove/introduce/repeat/say/speak/announce/suggest/report/explain
5)
Only “S+V+IO+DO”训=
She asked him the price of a car.
Ask/cost/charge/wish

动作做话语主体
动词不定式做话语主体
To argue with him about it is unnecessary.
Not to commit mistakes is impossible.
It is important to learn E.
It takes ten minutes to go to the park on foot.

动名词做话语主体
Visiting the Great wall is wonderful.
It’s dangerous driving too fast.

动词作行为对象
行为对象:to do
I want to buy this one.
行为对象:not to do
He decided not to go abroad.
行为对象:how(when/where/etc.) to do
I haven’t decide where to spend my summer holidays.
Ask him who to give the book to.
I don’t know what to say at the meeting.
行为对象:to be + V-ed
He likes to be praised.
行为对象:to be +v – ing
She wished to be traveling around the world.
行为对象:to have + V –ed
He pretended not to have known about it.
It 代替 to do(形式宾语)
They consider it better not to drive so fast.
行为对象: V+ing
He like skating.

Having+V-ed 和 being+v-ed
He denied having done it.
He doesn’t like being flattered.
I regret not having taken his advice.

Regret/remember/pretend/admit/apologize for/be praised for/be criticized for/deserve/not endure

Can’t help + ving
She can’t help smile.
When she heard the music, she couldn’t help singing.

It 代替 ving(形式宾语)
I think it worth while watching this telefilm.

To do
OR
ving
Must to do:
Agree/decide/determine/expect/fail/hope/learn/mean/offer/plan/promise/pretend/refuse/wish
Must ving:


选择喜欢这,不大喜欢那(prefer A to B)
I prefer fish to beef.
抉择(would rather….)
I would rather stay at home
抉择(would rather that)
I’d rather that it’s not true.
抉择(…rather than…)
We should help them rather than they should help us.
抉择(…would rather…than…)
I would rather the small one than the big one.


时间In 用于较大的时间单位,如年和月
In August, in summer, in 1841, in the evening
On 用于较短的时间,如日,上、下午
On Monday, on July 21st, on Sunday morning
At 用于时刻即几点几时
At six o’clock, at noon, at midnight

When/before/after 从句表示时间
He entered school when he was six.
I found the letter after he had gone away.
He had worked for 3 years before he came to study in the university.

On/before/after +V-ing
On arriving at the bus stop, he found a lot of people waiting there.
Before handing in your exercise, you must go it over.
After reading the book, I understood the theory better.

过了……才…… It was … before….
It was several hours before they could find the place.
Several hours passed before they could find the place.

马上(as soon as; the moment; the instant; immediately after; directly after)
As soon as I got there, I wrote home.
The moment I got to the stop, the bus left.
The instant he came in, he showed us the pictures.
Immediately after he got to Wuhan, he wrote to me.
Directly after he got the ticket, he went to the concert.

马上
Had scarcely/hardly … when …; had no sooner … than …
I had scarcely got to the station when the train started.
I had hardly got to the station before the train started.
No sooner had I got to the station than the train started.

分词短语表示时间
Entering the room, he saw John writing a letter.


   
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